Best custom writing service
Checks and Balances System of Government
In the United States, the principle of separation of powers is constitutional. The Constitution restricts each of three branches of state power, providing for a system of checks and balances between them. This principle is realized due to various sources of the formation of branches of power and a system of overlapping powers. For example, the president may recommend certain laws and veto laws enacted by Congress, as well as appoint officials in the federal judicial system. The Supreme Court may recognize the laws adopted by the Congress, as well as the decisions of the president, as contradicting the constitution; in turn, the Congress may not approve appointments to the executive bodies of power, reject international treaties, overcome the president’s veto, and impeach the president and members of the Supreme Court.The system of checks and balances turns independent branches of government with divided powers into a single system complex, each of which components is involved in the administration of power. No political decision can be made and implemented by any one branch of government. For example, the president is the supreme commander of the armed forces and bears the main responsibility for the defense of the country, but only Congress has the right to declare war, recruit and support the army, and establish the number of armed forces. It also allocates money for military spending. The system of checks and balances is constantly evolving. The whole history of its evolution is associated primarily with the conflict between the executive and legislative branches of government for the right to play a leading role in the US political system. The general vector of this historical rivalry is directed toward the expansion of the prerogatives of the executive power, which, as a rule, determines the dynamics of the functioning of the entire system of checks and balances.